Different types of espresso makers, understanding the difference

If you’re reading this, you’re probably ready to step into the amazing universe of espresso and espresso-based drinks. While this is the matter of taste, espresso is considered by many as the next step after the drip coffee. I do suggest you try it first in the coffee shop, before buying a machine, but please go to some custom place, not your average multi-store chain. If you’re still interested, then you need some basic knowledge of different types of espresso makers. There are so many, nowadays, that it’s really hard to make the right choice. And when I say the right choice, I mean spending your money on the machine you are going to be happy with and not feeling like you overpaid for nothing.
So here are main types of the espresso makers available on the market:

Lever Espresso Makers

These are also called manual, since, in order to produce pressure required for water to go through tamped coffee, you need to do some physical work. It could be either:
direct lever, where you have to keep pulling the lever till the shot is made, or
spring-piston where you pull the lever once and then release it in order for the spring to make the rest of the work.

The first option definitely leaves more room for a human error, but if you want an absolute hands-on experience, this type of manual espresso maker is the right choice for you. Another thing to note: very often these machines have an appealing design, which will make any kitchen look fancy. Btw, this type of espresso maker was invented by Achille Gaggia in 1938. This brand is still a notable producer of coffee machines nowadays.

Things you still have to do:
Pretty much everything: grind the beans, fill the portafilter, tamp the coffee into a puck, pull and then release the lever.

– In the right hands, it can produce a high-quality espresso
– Full control over the process (if you know what you’re doing)
– An attractive vintage look
– Tend to last longer
– Tend to be expensive
– Not as friendly to use, and as a result, you have a bigger chance to mess the shot up
– Only recommended for experienced users

Semi-Automatic Espresso Makers

These machines quickly gain popularity over the manual ones, due to being more user-friendly. While they have word “automatic” in the name, there’s only one thing, which makes them different from the lever machines, and this is an electric pump which produces the pressure to extract the espresso shot. This reduces the human factor and guarantees a bigger chance of getting a better taste of the coffee. And don’t worry, you still control the extraction time, and therefore you can still feel like an Italian barista when preparing your favorite espresso-based drink.

Things you still have to do:
Grind the beans, fill the portafilter, tamp the coffee into a puck, turn the switch/knob on to start the extraction, turn the switch/knob off when you think you’re done.

– easier to use, more user-friendly (when compared to manual)
– most of the process is still controlled by a human (for those who love it)
– variety of affordable models from multiple brands
– comes from the pros: this type of machine still requires quite some work, don’t expect to have your espresso in under 1 minute.

Fully-Automatic Espresso Makers

These are very much like the semi-automatic machines, and the only difference is, that instead of a human, it is the machine which decides how much water is needed to go through the coffee puck for a single or double espresso. The user just presses the button once and the machine controls the rest, thanks to what is often called as a “flowmeter.” As you can see it takes that operation off of your hands, which can be good or bad, depending on how you like your espresso.

I did notice that this type of machines is interchangeably mixed with semi-automatic while browsing stores. Most of the machines are just marked as “semi” in the title and very few marked as “fully”. But that should not confuse you now since you’ve learned the difference, right?

Things you still have to do:
Grind the beans, fill the portafilter, tamp the coffee into a puck, turn the button on to start extraction.

– the major benefit over semi is removing that wait time next to the machine, in order to switch the pump off
– producers tend to add additional pleasant features and functions to these like built-in grinder or a pressure gauge
– less control over the extraction time, you have to rely on the time programmed into the machine (unless you shut the power off – please don’t do that!)

Super-Automatic Espresso Makers

These represent a significant step over fully-automatic machines because they do all the work for you: grinding, tamping and extracting. All that by a push of a button! Some advanced models have the milk container and do the frothing as well, so in order to prepare let’s say a latte, you don’t need to do any additional steps, but to provide beans, water, and milk to a machine.

Things you still have to do:
Literally, just press one button.

– The most user-friendly and easy to use device among all machines from the above list
– Variety of drinks to choose from
– Not all models allow you to program the extraction time, hence you might lack the control of that important part of the process.

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